Research

First results

The Braingame Brian training is based on scientific findings over the last ten years, namely the insight that brain functions are trainable and training effects can last for some time (Klingberg, 2010). Research on the effects of rewarding children with ADHD has contributed to the development of a combination of training and gaming (Prins et al., 2011; Dovis et al., 2012). Early results on the use of Braingame Brian on children with ADHD appear positive. Not only do the children show significant progress in the trained tasks, but have improved their cognitive skills as well and parents rapport a decrease in the children’s ADHD behavioral characteristics (Ten Brink et al., 2011; Van Oord et al., 2012). Though the first results are positive, more research is needed to determine the short- as well long-term effectiveness of the training. During the year 2013, the first results of controlled clinical trials are expected. For more information about the current research results, please go to publications and presentations.

Further research

Problems with executive functions are not only found in children with ADHD. At this moment, however, no evidence has been established on the application of Braingame Brian in other conditions, such as ASS (autism), dyslexia, epilepsy, acquired brain damage, language difficulties and children with learning disabilities. Current research in, for example, children with ASS problems (www.trainingvoorautisme.nl; Dutch) should shine light on the possibility of these applications. At this moment, Braingame Brian training is only applied on children with these conditions as part of (ongoing) research. Children with ASS problems may apply for the training via Drs. Marieke de Vries, PhD student at the University of Amsterdam: m.devries@uva.nl.

Application for research

The main goal for the Gaming & Training foundation is to determine the indication criteria for the use of Braingame Brian. For application for research, please contact the foundation at info@gamingandtraing.nl.

References

Barkley, R.A. (2006). Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. A Handbook for diagnosis and treatment (3rd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.

Barkley, R. A. (2012). Executive functions. What they are, how the work, and why they evolved. New York: The Guilford Press.

Beck, S.J., Hanson, C.A., Puffenberger, S.S., Benninger, K.L., & Benninger, W.B. (2010). A controlled trial of working memory training for children and adolescents with ADHD. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 39, 825-836.

Brink, ten E.L., Ponsioen, A.J.G.B., Oord, van der S., & Prins, P.J.M., (2011). BRAINGAME BRIAN. Achtergrond, evaluatie en implementatie van een Executieve Functietraining met game-elementen voor kinderen met cognitieve controleproblemen. Kind en Adolescent Praktijk, 10(4), 166-174. pdf

Diamond, (2005). Attention deficit disorder (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder without hyperactivity): A neurobiologically and behaviorally distinct disorder from attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (with hyperactivity). Development and Psychopathology, 17, 805-825.

Dovis, S., Van der Oord, S., Wiers, R., & Prins, P.J.M. (2011). Can motivation normalize Working Memory Task Persistence in children with ADHD. The effects of money and computergaming. The efects of money and computer-gaming. J. Abnorm. Child Psychol.,DOI 10.1007/s10802-011-9601-8. pdf

Eling, P. A. T. M (2003). Denkkaders in de psychiatrie. Een inleiding vanuit historisch perspectief. In P. Eling, E. de Haan, R. Hijman, & B. Schmand, (Red.). Cognitieve neuropsychiatrie (blz. 17/45). Amsterdam: Uitgeverij Boom.

Gagné, P. P. & Longpré, L.-P. (2009). Leren leren met Reflecto. Leuven (B.): Uitgeverij Acco.

Holmes, J., Gathercole, S.E., Place, M., Alloway, T.P., Elliot, J.G. & Hilton, K.A. (2010). The diagnostic utility of executive function assessments in het identification of ADHD in children. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 15(1), 37-43.

Klingberg, T., Fernell, E., Olesen, P.J., Johnson, M., Gustafson, P., Dahlström, K., Gillberg, C.G., Forssberg, H. & Westerberg, H.. (2005). Computerized training of working memory in children with(2005). ADHD – A randomized, controlled trial. J. Am. Acad. Child Adolesc. Psychiatry, 44(2), 177-186.

Oord, van der S., Ponsioen, A.J.G.B., Geurts, H.M., Brink Ten, E.L., & Prins, P.J.M. (2014). EF game training in children with ADHD: A pilot study of the efficacy of a computerized EF remediation training with game elements for children with ADHD in an outpatient setting. Journal of Attention Disorders, 18(8), 699–712.pdf

Oosterlaan, J., Baeyens, J., Scheres, A., Antrop, I., Roeyers, H. & Sergeant, J. A. (2008). VvGK6-16 | Vragenlijst voor Gedragsproblemen bij Kinderen. Amsterdam: Pearson.

Prins, P.J.M., Dovis, S., Ponsioen, A.J.G.B. & Ten Brink, E.L. (2007). Nieuwe generaties, nieuwe media. ADHD behandelen met een computergame. Kind en Adolescent Praktijk, 4, 158-165. pdf

Prins, P. J. M., Dovis, S., Ponsioen, A. J. G. B., ten Brink, E. L. & van der Oord, S. (2011). Does a computerized working memory training with game elements enhance motivation and training efficacy in children with ADHD? Cyberpsychology, Behavior & Social Networking, 14, 115-122. pdf

Prins, P.J.M., Ten Brink, E.L., Dovis, S., Ponsioen, A.J.G.B., Geurts, H., de Groot, H., de Vries, M.,& Van der Oord, S. (2010). Braingame Brian: An Executive Function Training Program with game-elements for children with cognitive control problems. University of Amsterdam; Lucertis; & Shosho. The Netherlands.

Prins, P.J.M., Ponsioen, A.J.G.B., & Ten Brink, E.L. (2011). Gebruik je hersens! Het verbeteren van executieve functies bij kinderen door oefening en training. De Psycholoog, 46(11), 38-48. pdf

Smidts, D. & Huizinga, M. (2009). BRIEF Executieve Functies Gedragsvragenlijst. Amsterdam: Hogrefe Uitgevers.

Verbeken, S., Braet, C., Dovis, S., Ponsioen, A.J.G.B., Prins, P.J.M., Ten Brink, E.L., & Van der Oord, S. (2011). Training van werkgeheugen en inhibitie bij kinderen en adolescenten met obesitas. Psychopraktijk, 3(5), 20-22.

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